Main Article Content


This study explores the comparative comparison of language learning capabilities between male and female students by using a qualitative-descriptive methodology. The main tool used in the study is  questionnaire to investigate possible differences in how genders approach and do well in language acquisition. The goal of this research is to provide an answer regarding “do female students learn language better than male students?”. In addition to providing a more complete knowledge of potential differences of learning style, learning strategies and motivation variations across genders in their language learning experiences, the findings aim to offer critical insights into educational practices. This investigation not only improves teaching strategies but also establishes the foundation for creating inclusive and productive language learning settings.


Gender Differences Language Learning Qualitative Analysis

Article Details

How to Cite
Nurjanah, A., Situmorang, A., Paturohmah, P. S., & Ruminda, R. (2024). Do Female Students Learn Language Better Than Male Students? . Matriks Jurnal Sosial Dan Sains, 5(2), 9–17.


  1. Brown, C., & Lee, S. (2019). Gender-Specific Learning Strategies in Language Acquisition. International Journal of Language Education, 28(3), 441-455
  2. Chamot, A. U. & Kupper, L. (1989). Learning Strategies in Foreign Language Instruction.Foreign Language Annual, 22. 13-24.
  3. Cohen, Andrew D. & Zoltan Dornyei (2002). Focus on the Language Learner:Motivation, Styles and Strategies. In Schmitt, Norbert (ed.), 170-190.
  4. Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2016). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Sage publications.
  5. Dunn, R. S., & Dunn, K. J. (1978). Teaching Students through Their Individual Learning Styles: A Practical Approach. Reston, VA: Prentice-Hall.
  6. Fortes, A. C. G., Dy, M. C. D., & Dellosa, A. L. (2023). Exploring the Relationship Among Gender, Language Proficiency, and Language Learning Strategies (LLS) Among College ESL Students. Sorsogon Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 1(1), 66-78.
  7. Ellis, R. (1994) The study of second language Acquisition. Oxford : Oxford university press.
  8. García, A., & Ortiz, M. (2018). Exploring Gender Differences in Learning Styles. Journal of Educational Research, 45(2), 210-225.
  9. Gardner, R. C., & Lambert, W. E. (1972). Attitudes and motivation in second language learning. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
  10. Hosenfeld, C. (1976). Learning About Learning: Discovering Our Students’ Strategies.Foreign Language Annuals, 9. 117-129.
  11. Jamiah, J., Mahmud, M., & Muhayyang, M. (2016). Do Male and Female Students Learn Differently?. ELT Worldwide, 2(2), 345473.
  12. Nyikos, Martha. 2008. Gender and Good Language Learners. In Griffiths, Carol (Ed), Lessons from Good Language Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  13. Oga-Baldwin, W. Q., & Fryer, L. K. (2020). Girls show better quality motivation to learn languages than boys: latent profiles and their gender differences. Heliyon, 6(5).
  14. Oxford, R.L and Crookall, D. (1989). Research on Language Learning Strategies: Methods, Findings, and Instructional Issues. Modern Language Journal, 73(4). 404-419.
  15. Oxford, R.L and M. Nyikos. (1989). Variables Affecting Choice of Language Learnig Strategies byUniversity Students. The Modern Language Journal.73. 291-300.
  16. Prashnig, B. (2007). The Power of Learning Style. Bandung: Kaifa.
  17. Sugiyono. (2019). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D (Pertama). CV. Alfabeta.
  18. Smith, J. K., & Johnson, L. M. (2020). Understanding Gender-Based Differences in Academic Achievement. Educational Psychology Review, 35(4), 567-582.
  19. Skehan, P. (1989) Individual Differences in Second –language learning .London: Edward Arnold.
  20. Viriya, C., & Sapsirin, S. (2014). Gender differences in language learning style and language learning strategies. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 3(2), 77-88.
  21. Zeynali, S. (2012). Exploring the gender effect on EFL learners' learning strategies. Theory and practice in language studies, 2(8), 1614.
  22. Zoghi, M., Kazemi, S. A., & Kalani, A. (2013). The effect of gender on language learning. Journal of novel applied sciences, 2(4), 1124-1128.